Before deciding on what terms they will offer you a mortgage loan (which they base on their risk), lenders want to know two things about you: whether you can repay the loan, and if you will pay it back. To assess your ability to repay, they look at your income and debt ratio. To assess your willingness to pay back the mortgage loan, they look at your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are FICO scores, which were developed by Fair Isaac & Company, Inc. Your FICO score ranges from 350 (very high risk) to 850 (low risk). For details on FICO, read more here.
Credit scores only take into account the information in your credit profile. They never consider your income, savings, down payment amount, or personal factors like sex race, nationality or marital status. These scores were invented specifically for this reason. Credit scoring was envisioned as a way to assess a borrower's willingness to repay the loan without considering any other personal factors.
Your current debt level, past late payments, length of your credit history, and a few other factors are considered. Your score comes from the good and the bad of your credit report. Late payments will lower your credit score, but consistently making future payments on time will raise your score.
For the agencies to calculate a credit score, you must have an active credit account with a payment history of at least six months. This history ensures that there is sufficient information in your report to assign a score. If you don't meet the minimum criteria for getting a credit score, you might need to establish a credit history prior to applying for a mortgage.
Reliance Mortgage Service, Inc can answer questions about credit reports and many others. Call us at 562 320-0510.