The biggest investment you will make in your life will probably be purchasing a home. So before you sign on the dotted line, you must be sure that the property's title is clear of other claims.
Determining that your rights and interests to the property are clear is the business of a title insurance company.
You pay the title insurance company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title insurance company searches the property's title history. Through its research, the title insurance company can usually find any title problems and clear up these problems before you close on the property.
Real Estate law is extraordinarily complicated. Title companies make sure that all the T's are crossed and all the I's are dotted so you don't end up with a clouded title and legal problems. Your owner's policy will describe the property and outline the limitations on your ownership. It will also cover what the title insurance company is responsible for. Typically your title insurance will protect you in the following cases:
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